Install Git

GitHub provides desktop clients that include a graphical user interface for the most common repository actions and an automatically updating command line edition of Git for advanced scenarios.

GitHub for Windows

http://windows.github.com

GitHub for Mac

http://mac.github.com

Git distributions for Linux and POSIX systems are available on the official Git SCM website.

Git for all platforms

http://git-scm.com

Configure tooling

Configure user information for all local repositories

$ git config --global user.name "[name]"

Sets the name you want attached to your commit transactions

$ git config --global user.email "[email address]"

Sets the email you want attached to your commit transactions

Create repositories

Start a new repository or obtain one from an existing URL

$ git init [project-name]

Creates a new local repository with the specified name

$ git clone [url]

Downloads a project and its entire version history

Make changes

Review edits and craft a commit transaction

$ git status

Lists all new or modified files to be committed

$ git diff

Shows file differences not yet staged

$ git add [file]

Snapshots the file in preparation for versioning

$ git diff --staged

Shows file differences between staging and the last file version

$ git reset [file]

Unstages the file, but preserves its contents

$ git commit -m"[descriptive message]"

Records file snapshots permanently in version history

Group changes

Name a series of commits and combine completed efforts

$ git branch

Lists all local branches in the current repository

$ git branch [branch-name]

Creates a new branch

$ git checkout [branch-name]

Switches to the specified branch and updates working directory

$ git merge [branch-name]

Combines the specified branch’s history into the current branch

$ git branch -d [branch-name]

Deletes the specified branch

Refactor file names

Relocate and remove versioned files

$ git rm [file]

Deletes the file from the working directory and stages the deletion

$ git rm --cached [file]

Removes the file from version control but preserves the file locally

$ git mv [file-original] [file-renamed]

Changes the file name and prepare it for commit

Suppress tracking

Exclude temporary files and paths

*.log
build/
temp-*

A text file named .gitignore suppresses accidental versioning of files and paths matching the specified patterns

$ git ls-files --others --ignored --exclude-standard

Lists all ignored files in this project

Save fragments

Shelve and restore incomplete changes

$ git stash

Temporarily stores all modified tracked files

$ git stash pop

Restores the most recently stashed files

$ git stash list

Lists all stashed changesets

$ git stash drop

Discards the most recently stashed changeset

Review history

Browse and inspect the evolution of project files

$ git log

Lists version history for the current branch

$ git log --follow [file]

Lists version history for the file, including renames

$ git diff [first-branch]...[second-branch]

Shows content differences between two branches

$ git show [commit]

Outputs metadata and content changes of the specified commit

Redo commits

Erase mistakes and craft replacement history

$ git reset [commit]

Undoes all commits after [commit], preserving changes locally

$ git reset --hard [commit]

Discards all history and changes back to the specified commit

Synchronize changes

Register a remote (URL) and exchange repository history

$ git fetch [remote]

Downloads all history from the remote repository

$ git merge [remote]/[branch]

Combines the remote branch into the current local branch

$ git push [remote] [branch]

Uploads all local branch commits to GitHub

$ git pull

Downloads bookmark history and incorporates changes